The speed of a wave, the frequency of a wave, and the wavelength of a wave are all related.
Suppose you are closely observing the waves of the sea with a stopwatch and you made the following observation.
1 cycle every second.
Wavelength = 1 meter
Recall that 1 cycle every second means that after you see the first crest, it will take 1 second to see another.
The wavelength is the horizontal distance a crest moves each second.
Since the wavelength or distance between two crests is 1 meter and it takes 1 second for this wavelength to form, the speed of the wave is 1 meter per second. (1 times 1)
In many cases, you may see more than 1 crest in one second.
Pretend the frequency is 3 cycles in 1 second and the wavelength is 1 meter.
If one cycle creates a wavelength of 1 meter, then 3 cycles will give a distance of 3 meters.
If the wave moves 3 meters every second, then the speed is 3 meters per second. (3 times 1)
Pretend the frequency is 3 cycles in 1 second and the wavelength is 2 meters.
If one cycle creates a wavelength of 2 meters, 3 cycles will give a distance of 6 meters.
If the wave moves 6 meters every second, then, the speed is 6 meters per second. (3 times 2)
Notice that we can get the speed of the wave if we just multiply the frequency and the wavelength together.
In example #3 for instance, the frequency is 3 cycles in 1 second and the wavelength is 2 meters.
Speed = frequency times wavelength = 3 times 2 = 6 m / sGenerally speaking we use the greek letter Lambda Λ to represent the wavelength.